World Religions

Lexicon 

A

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B

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C

Cult – The dynamic new ideas from outside of tradition. A cult usually has a charismatic leader and often disappear as the leader dies.

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D

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E

Exogamy – the custom of marrying outside of one’s group. E.g. Exogamy go against the idea of the continuation of Jewish lineage. 

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F

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G

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H

Harmonization – The process of establishing harmony among varying views / beliefs by the claim that they all seek the same goal. e.g. Ramakrishna (1834-1886) proposed harmonization on religions. He tried the major religions -Hinduism, Christianity and Islam- and proclaimed that all lead to the same center in different ways. Additionally, the Neo-Platonists harmonized philosophy with religion in their approach. 

Henotheism – A belief in many gods but one of them is worshipped as The Supreme of all

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I

Immanence – A doctrine that portrays god as: in us, with us, by us. Radical immanence is called pantheism

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Incarnation-

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J

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K

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L

Liberalism- A system/ ideology that condemns the traditional ways and offers to modernise the faith and practice. E.g. Muslim woman leading Jama’ah, homosexual muslims

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M

Monism- A belief that we are all made up of one thing. We are all one stuff and governed by the same laws. E.g. Taoism

Monotheism- The belief in One and Only God

Mysterium tremendumOtto’s concept of Numinous -transcendent / the Other- as awe inspiring

Myth: A belief / idea that gives certain identity to the people with a particular understanding of relationship with the sacred / Other

Mysticism- The term broadly denotes the feeling of immediacy and oneness with the Ultimate Reality on the part of the Self.

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N

Numinous- Refers to the sense of reverential awe that a person experiences in the presence of God.

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O

Orthodox- Traditional in faith and practice

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P

Pantheism- The belief that god is everywhere in everything

Polytheism-

Pragmatism-

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Q

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R

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S

Sect- Sect is an offshoot of a established religion. E.g. Christianity is a sect of Judaism.

Secularism- 

Syncretism

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T

Transcendent- The concept that revere the Sacred over and above profane.

Theodicy- The task of deploying arguments that seek to defend the coherence of Theism in the face of the problem of Evil.

Theism- It denotes the belief in the God, immanent and transcendent.

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U

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V

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W

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X

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Y

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Z

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